This article will discuss the parts of a sentence, its proper punctuation, and the four kinds of sentences. Also see spelling and grammar.
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Parts of a Sentence
A complete sentence has two parts: a subject and a predicate.
The subject is what the sentence is about. It is usually a noun or pronoun. The predicate tells something about the subject. It is often indicated by an action verb or a linking verb.
“The committee recommends a full inquiry over this matter.”
The subject is ‘The committee’ and the predicate is ‘recommends a full inquiry over this matter.’
Subjects and predicate can be simple and complex, so length does not determine what a subject and a predicate is.
Punctuations are standard marks in writing used to separate words, clauses, and sentences. The use of punctuations can affect a text’s readability, flow, and even meaning.
Commonly used punctuations include:
- Period (.) - used to end a sentence, indicating a full stop. Periods are also used after initials and abbreviations.
- Question Mark (?) - used after a question.
- Exclamation Point (!) - used after statements expressed with strong emotion.
- Comma (,) - used to separate items in a series. Also used before and, but, or, nor, for, so, and yet, when they join independent clauses (unless the clauses are short). It is also used to separate items that interrupt a series.
- Colon (:) - used to mean “note what follows,” and is typically succeeded by an elaboration, summation, interpretation of what it precedes.
- Apostrophe (‘) - used to show belonging or to indicate the omission of letters in a word.
- Semicolon (;) - used to link independent clauses not joined by a coordinating conjunction. As a rule, use a semicolon to end complete sentences in cases where you’re not indicating a full stop.
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Types of Sentences
Four Kinds of Sentences:
- Declarative: The most commonly used sentence type in business writing, these are sentences that make a statement. They end with a period.
Example: We are writing to inform you that your account would be expiring in ten days.
- Interrogative: These are sentences that ask a question. They end in a question mark. Interrogative questions don’t necessarily follow the format of subject + predicate.
Example: Would you be format renewing your account this year?
- Imperative: These are sentences that give a command or make a request. They usually end with a period, though sometimes they can end with an exclamation point (although to do so is not recommended in business writing).
Imperative sentences are advisable when you’re making a ‘to-do’ list, creating an agenda or are outlining an instructional manual.
Example: Please inform Joseph that we would be expecting his payment on Monday.
- Exclamatory: These are sentences that express strong feeling. They usually end with an exclamation mark.
Example: Congratulations for getting promoted to Vice-President!
Also read How to write a Business Proposal
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